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Patterns and Drivers of Vertical Distribution of the Ciliate Community from the Surface to the Abyssopelagic Zone in the Western Pacific Ocean
Zhao, Feng1,2; Filker, Sabine2; Xu, Kuidong1,3; Huang, Pingping1,3; Zheng, Shan4
2017-12-19
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY
Volume8
SubtypeArticle
AbstractThe deep sea is one of the largest but least understood ecosystems on earth. Knowledge about the diversity and distribution patterns as well as drivers of microbial eukaryote (including ciliates) along the water column, particularly below the photic zone, is scarce. In this study, we investigated the diversity of pelagic ciliates, the main group of marine microeukaryotes, their vertical distribution from the surface to the abyssopelagic zone, as well as their horizontal distribution over a distance of 1,300 km in the Western Pacific Ocean, using high-throughput DNA and cDNA (complementary DNA) sequencing. No distance-decay relationship could be detected along the horizontal scale; instead, a distinct vertical distribution within the ciliate communities was revealed. The alpha diversity of the ciliate communities in the deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM) and the 200 m layer turned out to be significantly higher compared with the other water layers. The ciliate communities in the 200 m water layer appeared to be more similar to those in deeper layers from 1,000 m to about 5,000 m than to the surface and DCM ciliate communities. Dominant species in the bathypelagic and abyssopelagic zone, particularly some parasites, were also detected in the 200 m layer, but were almost absent in the surface layer. The 200 m layer, therefore, seems to be an important "species bank" for deep ocean layers. Statistical analyses further revealed significant effects of temperature and chlorophyll a on the partitioning of ciliate diversity, indicating that environmental factors are a stronger force in shaping marine pelagic ciliate communities than the geographic distance.
KeywordCiliate Community Protists High Throughput Sequencing The Western Pacific Ocean Abyssopelagic Zone Stratification
DOI10.3389/fmicb.2017.02559
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000418269500002
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Version出版稿
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/154311
Collection海洋生物分类与系统演化实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Dept Marine Organism Taxon & Phylogeny, Qingdao, Peoples R China
2.Univ Kaiserslautern, Dept Mol Ecol, Kaiserslautern, Germany
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Jiaozhou Bay Marine Ecosyst Res Stn, Qingdao, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhao, Feng,Filker, Sabine,Xu, Kuidong,et al. Patterns and Drivers of Vertical Distribution of the Ciliate Community from the Surface to the Abyssopelagic Zone in the Western Pacific Ocean[J]. FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY,2017,8.
APA Zhao, Feng,Filker, Sabine,Xu, Kuidong,Huang, Pingping,&Zheng, Shan.(2017).Patterns and Drivers of Vertical Distribution of the Ciliate Community from the Surface to the Abyssopelagic Zone in the Western Pacific Ocean.FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY,8.
MLA Zhao, Feng,et al."Patterns and Drivers of Vertical Distribution of the Ciliate Community from the Surface to the Abyssopelagic Zone in the Western Pacific Ocean".FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY 8(2017).
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