IOCAS-IR  > 海洋环流与波动重点实验室
Roles of Wind Stress and Subsurface Cold Water in the Second-Year Cooling of the 2017/18 La Nina Event
Feng, Licheng1,2; Zhang, Rong-Hua3,4,5,6; Yu, Bo7; Han, Xue1
2020-08-01
Source PublicationADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES
ISSN0256-1530
Volume37Issue:8Pages:847-860
AbstractAfter the strong 2015/16 El Nino event, cold conditions prevailed in the tropical Pacific with the second-year cooling of the 2017/18 La Nina event. Many coupled models failed to predict the cold SST anomalies (SSTAs) in 2017. By using the ERA5 and GODAS (Global Ocean Data Assimilation System) products, atmospheric and oceanic factors were examined that could have been responsible for the second-year cooling, including surface wind and the subsurface thermal state. A time sequence is described to demonstrate how the cold SSTAs were produced in the central-eastern equatorial Pacific in late 2017. Since July 2017, easterly anomalies strengthened in the central Pacific; in the meantime, wind stress divergence anomalies emerged in the far eastern region, which strengthened during the following months and propagated westward, contributing to the development of the second-year cooling in 2017. At the subsurface, weak negative temperature anomalies were accompanied by upwelling in the eastern equatorial Pacific, which provided the cold water source for the sea surface. Thereafter, both the cold anomalies and upwelling were enhanced and extended westward in the centraleastern equatorial Pacific. These changes were associated with the seasonally weakened EUC (the Equatorial Undercurrent) and strengthened SEC (the South Equatorial Current), which favored more cold waters being accumulated in the central-equatorial Pacific. Then, the subsurface cold waters stretched upward with the convergence of the horizontal currents and eventually outcropped to the surface. The subsurface-induced SSTAs acted to induce local coupled air-sea interactions, which generated atmospheric-oceanic anomalies developing and evolving into the second-year cooling in the fall of 2017.
Keyword2017 18 La Nina second-year cooling in 2017 wind stress anomalies subsurface cold anomalies
DOI10.1007/s00376-020-0028-4
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41576029] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41690122(41690120)] ; National Program on Global Change and Air-Sea Interaction[GASIIPOVAI-03] ; National Key Research and Development Program[2018YFC1505802] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA19060102] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB 40000000]
WOS Research AreaMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS SubjectMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000552173600002
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Version出版稿
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/168070
Collection海洋环流与波动重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Rong-Hua
Affiliation1.Minist Nat Resources, Natl Marine Environm Forecasting Ctr, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China
2.Minist Nat Resources, Key Lab Marine Hazards Forecasting, Natl Marine Environm Forecasting Ctr, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Key Lab Ocean Circulat & Waves, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Ocean Megasci, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
5.Pilot Natl Lab Marine Sci & Technol, Qingdao 266237, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Excellence Quaternary Sci & Global Change, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
7.Beijing Weather Forecast Ctr, Beijing 100089, Peoples R China
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Ocean Circulation and Wave Studies, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences;  Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Feng, Licheng,Zhang, Rong-Hua,Yu, Bo,et al. Roles of Wind Stress and Subsurface Cold Water in the Second-Year Cooling of the 2017/18 La Nina Event[J]. ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES,2020,37(8):847-860.
APA Feng, Licheng,Zhang, Rong-Hua,Yu, Bo,&Han, Xue.(2020).Roles of Wind Stress and Subsurface Cold Water in the Second-Year Cooling of the 2017/18 La Nina Event.ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES,37(8),847-860.
MLA Feng, Licheng,et al."Roles of Wind Stress and Subsurface Cold Water in the Second-Year Cooling of the 2017/18 La Nina Event".ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES 37.8(2020):847-860.
Files in This Item:
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
Roles of Wind Stress(6509KB)期刊论文作者接受稿开放获取CC BY-NC-SAView
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Feng, Licheng]'s Articles
[Zhang, Rong-Hua]'s Articles
[Yu, Bo]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Feng, Licheng]'s Articles
[Zhang, Rong-Hua]'s Articles
[Yu, Bo]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Feng, Licheng]'s Articles
[Zhang, Rong-Hua]'s Articles
[Yu, Bo]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
File name: Roles of Wind Stress and Subsurface Cold Water in the Second-Year Cooling of the 2017_18 La Niña Event.pdf
Format: Adobe PDF
This file does not support browsing at this time
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.