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Differential expressions of an Hsp70 gene in the dinoflagellate Akashiwo sanguinea in response to temperature stress and transition of life cycle and its implications
Deng, Yunyan1; Hu, Zhangxi1; Zhan, Zifeng1; Ma, Zhaopeng1,2; Tang, Yingzhong1
2015-12-01
Source PublicationHARMFUL ALGAE
Volume50Issue:2015Pages:57-64
SubtypeArticle
AbstractThe unarmoured dinoflagellate Akashiwo sanguinea is a cosmopolitan species frequently causing harmful algal blooms in temperate to tropical estuaries and marine coasts. While resting cyst production and wide temperature tolerance have been well documented as two adaptive strategies for HAB-forming dinofiagellates, little attention has been paid to the molecular mechanisms, such as the functional genes and their expressions relevant to these ecological processes. Here, the cloning of the gene Hsp70, a gene putatively involved in the process of temperature stress responses, in A. sanguinea and its differential expressions in response to temperature stress and transition of life cycle stages were reported. Based on homologous cloning and the rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE), the full-length cDNA sequence (2171 bp) of an Hsp70 gene from A. sanguinea (AsHsp70) was obtained (Accession No. KJ755185), with an open reading frame of 1950 bp. The deduced 649 amino acids (aa) possessed an ATPase domain of 399 aa, a substrate peptide binding domain of 124 aa and a C-terminus domain of 126 aa. The highly conserved motifs of Hsp70 family identified in AsHsp70 suggest conservative function of Hsp70. Real-time quantitative PCR revealed that AsHsp70 expression (20 C-maintained) was dramatically up-regulated by both low (15 degrees C, 10 degrees C, 5 degrees C) and high (25 degrees C, 30 degrees C) temperature shocks. Rapid and significant increase of AsHsp70 expression could be detected within 10 min after exposure to lower temperature stress (10 degrees C). Compared with the stepwise increases or decreases in temperature (+/- 5 degrees C each step), one-step shocks (+/- 10 degrees C) elicited markedly higher AsHsp70 transcripts. In addition, AsHsp70 transcription varied with growth stage and life cycle, peaking in immature cysts undergoing morphogenesis and returning to lower levels in cysts when morphogenesis was completed. The results together strongly suggest that A. sanguinea is more tolerant to gradual than drastic temperature stress and that AsHsp70 may be involved in the adaptation of A. sanguinea to varying temperatures. It is also suggested that Hsp70 might play roles in the encystment of dinoflagellates, which, however, needs more solid evidence for confirmation. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordAkashiwo Sanguinea Cyst Dinoflagellate Harmful Algal Blooms Heat Shock Protein 70 Gene (Hsp70) Temperature Response
DOI10.1016/j.hal.2015.10.007
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000367275600006
Citation statistics
Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/86649
Collection海洋生态与环境科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Key Lab Marine Ecol & Environm Sci, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Deng, Yunyan,Hu, Zhangxi,Zhan, Zifeng,et al. Differential expressions of an Hsp70 gene in the dinoflagellate Akashiwo sanguinea in response to temperature stress and transition of life cycle and its implications[J]. HARMFUL ALGAE,2015,50(2015):57-64.
APA Deng, Yunyan,Hu, Zhangxi,Zhan, Zifeng,Ma, Zhaopeng,&Tang, Yingzhong.(2015).Differential expressions of an Hsp70 gene in the dinoflagellate Akashiwo sanguinea in response to temperature stress and transition of life cycle and its implications.HARMFUL ALGAE,50(2015),57-64.
MLA Deng, Yunyan,et al."Differential expressions of an Hsp70 gene in the dinoflagellate Akashiwo sanguinea in response to temperature stress and transition of life cycle and its implications".HARMFUL ALGAE 50.2015(2015):57-64.
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