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Experiments and evidences: jellyfish (Nemopilema nomurai) decomposing and nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus) released
Li Xuegang1; Song Jinming1; Ma Qingxia1,2; Li Ning1; Yuan Huamao1; Duan Liqin1; Qu Baoxiao1,2
2015-08-01
Source PublicationACTA OCEANOLOGICA SINICA
Volume34Issue:8Pages:1-12
SubtypeArticle
AbstractThe aim of this study was to investigate nitrogen and phosphorus released in the process of the decomposition of giant jellyfish in the laboratory and found the evidence to verify the influence of nutrients released by the decomposition of jellyfish on the ecosystem in the field. The release of nitrogen and phosphorus from the decomposition of Nemopilema nomurai was examined in a series of experiments under different incubation conditions such as different pH values, salinity values, temperatures and nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations. The results showed that the complete decomposition of Nemopilema nomurai generally took about 4-8 d. The release of nitrogen and phosphorus from the decomposition of Nemopilema nomurai could be divided into two stages: the early stage and the later stage, although the efflux rate of nitrogen was one order more than phosphorus. In the early stage of the decomposition of Nemopilema nomurai, the concentrations of dissolved nitrogen, dissolved phosphorus, total nitrogen and total phosphorus in seawater increased rapidly, and the concentration of nitrogen could reach the highest level in the whole degradation process. In the later stage of the decomposition, the concentrations of dissolved nitrogen and total nitrogen declined slowly, while the concentration of phosphorus in water could reach a maximum in the degradation process. High pH, low salinity, high temperature and N/P will promote the release of nitrogen; low pH is unfavorable to the release of nitrogen but favorable to the release of phosphorus. In addition, we found the concentrations of ammonium and phosphate in the bottom water were higher than those in the surface water during the period of jellyfish bloom in the Jiaozhou Bay, proving that nutrients released by the decomposition of jellyfish have significant influence on nitrogen and phosphorus in the field. For the whole Yellow Sea, nutrients released by jellyfish carcasses may reach up to (2.63 +/- 2.98)x10(7) mol/d of dissolved nitrogen (DN) and (0.74 +/- 0.84)x10(6) mol/d of dissolved phosphorus (DP) during the period of jellyfish bloom. The values are comparable to riverine inputs in a day, but much higher than sediment-water exchange flux in the Yellow Sea. The great amounts of nutrients must have significant influence on the nutrients balance of the Yellow Sea during the period of jellyfish dead and decomposition. Both the experimental data and field observations proved that the decomposition of jellyfish may release a great amount of nutrient to the surrounding environment during the period of jellyfish decomposition.
KeywordNemopilema Nomurai Decomposition Nitrogen Phosphorus Experiments Evidences
DOI10.1007/s13131-015-0703-y
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000358962200001
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/49675
Collection海洋生态与环境科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanog, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li Xuegang,Song Jinming,Ma Qingxia,et al. Experiments and evidences: jellyfish (Nemopilema nomurai) decomposing and nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus) released[J]. ACTA OCEANOLOGICA SINICA,2015,34(8):1-12.
APA Li Xuegang.,Song Jinming.,Ma Qingxia.,Li Ning.,Yuan Huamao.,...&Qu Baoxiao.(2015).Experiments and evidences: jellyfish (Nemopilema nomurai) decomposing and nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus) released.ACTA OCEANOLOGICA SINICA,34(8),1-12.
MLA Li Xuegang,et al."Experiments and evidences: jellyfish (Nemopilema nomurai) decomposing and nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus) released".ACTA OCEANOLOGICA SINICA 34.8(2015):1-12.
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