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Molluscan aquaculture in China
Guo, XM; Ford, SE; Zhang, FS
1999-06-01
发表期刊JOURNAL OF SHELLFISH RESEARCH
卷号18期号:1页码:19-31
文章类型Article
摘要Molluscan aquaculture in China has been growing rapidly in the past decade. China produced 6.4 million metric tons (MMT) of mollusks from aquaculture in 1996, an eightfold increase over that of 1986, At least 32 species of marine mollusks are cultured commercially in China. The 1996 production included 2.3 MMT of oysters, 1.6 MMT of clams (mostly Ruditapes, Meretrix, razor clams, and blood cockles), 1 MMT of scallops, 0.4 MMT of mussels, 700 tons of abalone, and 20 tons of marine pearls. Shandong province is the largest producer of cultured mollusks, followed by Guangdong, Fujian, Liaoning, Guangxi, and Zhejiang provinces (ranked 2-6, respectively). As a generalized pattern, molluscan aquaculture in China is characterized by scallops, abalone, and Manila clams in the northern provinces (Shandong and Liaoning), oysters and pearl oysters in the south (Fujian, Guangdong, and Guangxi), and various clam species in the middle (Zhejiang and Jiangsu). The production technology ranges from simple gathering and stocking of wild seeds for several clam species to sophisticated hatchery and growout operations for abalone and pearl oysters. The rapid development of intensive mariculture during the past decade may have exceeded the carrying capacity of some areas and contributed to deterioration of the culture environment. Abalone and scallop cultures in the north have been seriously affected by diseases and mortalities in recent years.
关键词China Aquaculture Mariculture Molluscan Aquaculture Hatchery Oyster Scallop Mussel Clam Razor Clam Blood Cockie Pearl Oyster Abalone Disease Environment
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000081812600004
引用统计
被引频次:199[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/32962
专题实验海洋生物学重点实验室
作者单位1.Rutgers State Univ, Inst Marine & Coastal Sci, Haskin Shellfish Res Lab, Port Norris, NJ 08349 USA
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Qingdao 266071, Shandong, Peoples R China
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Guo, XM,Ford, SE,Zhang, FS. Molluscan aquaculture in China[J]. JOURNAL OF SHELLFISH RESEARCH,1999,18(1):19-31.
APA Guo, XM,Ford, SE,&Zhang, FS.(1999).Molluscan aquaculture in China.JOURNAL OF SHELLFISH RESEARCH,18(1),19-31.
MLA Guo, XM,et al."Molluscan aquaculture in China".JOURNAL OF SHELLFISH RESEARCH 18.1(1999):19-31.
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