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Thermodynamic Coupled Modes in the Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean: An Analytical Solution
Wang, Faming
AbstractThe present study provides a consistent and unified solution for the two types of thermodynamical coupled modes in the atmosphere-ocean climate system: the tropical meridional mode and the subtropical dipole mode. The solution is derived analytically from a linear model that couples a simple atmosphere to a slab ocean via the wind-evaporation-SST (WES) feedback. For a mean zonal wind, the results show that the wind (hence latent heat flux) anomaly and the SST anomaly differ in phase such that the tropical mode propagates downwind and the subtropical modes propagate upwind, with both modes being damped by the SST-driven component of latent heat flux. Despite the existence of positive WES feedback, the large-scale subtropical modes are always stable, while the tropical mode can become unstable only when the air-sea coupling is strong and the mean wind is easterly. Furthermore, the mean meridional winds break the equatorial symmetry and enable the coupled modes to intensify in the Southern (Northern) Hemisphere for a southerly (northerly) component. For realistic parameter values, these thermodynamical coupled modes have periods and damping time scales in years; hence, they may play important roles in the tropical interannual-to-decadal climate variability.
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WOS IDWOS:000278324200023
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Cited Times:17[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
AffiliationChinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Qingdao 266071, Shandong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Faming. Thermodynamic Coupled Modes in the Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean: An Analytical Solution[J]. JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES,2010,67(5):1667-1677.
APA Wang, Faming.(2010).Thermodynamic Coupled Modes in the Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean: An Analytical Solution.JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES,67(5),1667-1677.
MLA Wang, Faming."Thermodynamic Coupled Modes in the Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean: An Analytical Solution".JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES 67.5(2010):1667-1677.
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