IOCAS-IR  > 海洋环流与波动重点实验室
Weak Mesoscale Variability in the Optimum Interpolation Sea Surface Temperature (OISST)-AVHRR-Only Version 2 Data before 2007
Zhu, Yanan1,2; Li, Yuanlong1,2,3; Wang, Fan1,2; Lv, Mingkun1,2
2022
Source PublicationREMOTE SENSING
Volume14Issue:2Pages:17
Corresponding AuthorWang, Fan(fwang@qdio.ac.cn)
AbstractMesoscale sea surface temperature (SST) variability triggers mesoscale air-sea interactions and is linked to ocean subsurface mesoscale dynamics. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) daily Optimum Interpolation SST (OISST) products, based on various satellite and in situ SST data, are widely utilized in the investigation of multi-scale SST variabilities and reconstruction of subsurface and deep-ocean fields. The quality of OISST datasets is subjected to temporal inhomogeneity due to alterations in the merged data. Yet, whether this issue can significantly affect mesoscale SST variability is unknown. The analysis of this study detects an abrupt enhancement of mesoscale SST variability after 2007 in the OISST-AVHRR-only version 2 and version 2.1 datasets (hereafter OI.v2-AVHRR-only and OI.v2.1-AVHRR-only). The contrast is most stark in the subtropical western boundary current (WBC) regions, where the average mesoscale SST variance during 2007-2018 is twofold larger than that during 1993-2006. Further comparisons with other satellite SST datasets (TMI, AMSR-E, and WindSAT) suggest that the OISST-AVHRR-only datasets have severely underestimated mesoscale SST variability before 2007. An evaluation of related documents of the OISST data indicates that this bias is mainly caused by the change of satellite AVHRR instrument in 2007. There are no corresponding changes detected in the associated fields, such as the number and activity of mesoscale eddies or the background SST gradient in these regions, confirming that the underestimation of mesoscale SST variability before 2007 is an artifact. Another OISST product, OI.v2-AVHRR-AMSR, shows a similar abrupt enhancement of mesoscale SST variability in June 2002, when the AMSR-E instrument was incorporated. This issue leaves potential influences on scientific research that utilize the OISST datasets. The composite SST anomalies of mesoscale eddies based on the OI.v2-AVHRR-only data are underestimated by up to 37% before 2007 in the subtropical WBC regions. The underestimation of mesoscale variability also affects the total (full-scale) SST variability, particularly in winter. Other SST data products based on the OISST datasets were also influenced; we identify suspicious changes in J-OFURO3 and CFSR datasets; the reconstructed three-dimensional ocean products using OISST data as input may also be inevitably affected. This study reminds caution in the usage of the OISST and relevant data products in the investigation of mesoscale processes.
Keywordmesoscale eddies mesoscale air-sea interaction mesoscale SST anomalies OISST data western boundary current
DOI10.3390/rs14020409
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Geology ; Remote Sensing ; Imaging Science & Photographic Technology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Remote Sensing ; Imaging Science & Photographic Technology
WOS IDWOS:000757408000001
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/178138
Collection海洋环流与波动重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWang, Fan
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Key Lab Ocean Circulat & Waves, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
2.Pilot Natl Lab Marine Sci & Technol, Qingdao 266237, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, CAS Ctr Excellence Quaternary Sci & Global Change, Xian 710061, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Ocean Circulation and Wave Studies, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Ocean Circulation and Wave Studies, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhu, Yanan,Li, Yuanlong,Wang, Fan,et al. Weak Mesoscale Variability in the Optimum Interpolation Sea Surface Temperature (OISST)-AVHRR-Only Version 2 Data before 2007[J]. REMOTE SENSING,2022,14(2):17.
APA Zhu, Yanan,Li, Yuanlong,Wang, Fan,&Lv, Mingkun.(2022).Weak Mesoscale Variability in the Optimum Interpolation Sea Surface Temperature (OISST)-AVHRR-Only Version 2 Data before 2007.REMOTE SENSING,14(2),17.
MLA Zhu, Yanan,et al."Weak Mesoscale Variability in the Optimum Interpolation Sea Surface Temperature (OISST)-AVHRR-Only Version 2 Data before 2007".REMOTE SENSING 14.2(2022):17.
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