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Ca-Sr isotope and chemical evidence for distinct sources of carbonatite and silicate mantle metasomatism
Zhu, Hongli1,2,3; Ionov, Dmitri A.4,5; Du, Long6; Zhang, Zhaofeng5,7; Sun, Weidong1,2,3
Corresponding AuthorIonov, Dmitri A.(
AbstractEnrichments in light REE without concomitant enrichments in high-field-strength elements in mantle peridotites are usu-ally attributed to inputs from carbonate-rich melts and referred to as 'carbonatite' metasomatism as opposed to interaction with evolved silicate melts. Alternatively, both enrichment types are ascribed to percolating volatile-bearing mafic liquids whose chemical signatures evolve from 'silicate' to 'carbonatite'. Here we compare these models for peridotites in which these enrichment types are combined, as may be common in the mantle. We report new Ca-Sr-Nd isotope and chemical data for lherzolite and harzburgite xenoliths from Spitsbergen that were metasomatized, first, by silicate, then by carbonate-rich melts that formed carbonate-bearing pockets replacing earlier minerals. Seven crushed samples were treated with acetic acid that dissolved carbonates formed in the latest event, but not silicates. The leachates (acid-removed carbonates making up 0.6-1.4% of total sample mass) contain much more Sr than the residues after leaching (277-2923 vs. 16-60 ppm), have a greater overall Sr-87/Sr-86 range (0.7049-0.7141 vs. 0.7036-0.7055) and higher Sr-87/Sr-86 in each sample than the residues. The leachates have lower delta Ca-44/40 range (0.17-0.68%) than the residues (0.78-1.00%), as well as lower delta Ca-44/40 than the residues in all samples but one. By and large, the carbonates are out of Ca-Sr isotope equilibrium with the host peridotites implying that the older silicate and younger carbonatite metasomatism were produced by different parental melts, thus sup-porting the existence of distinctive carbonate-rich metasomatic media in the lithospheric mantle, possibly including recycled materials. The delta Ca-44/40 in the leachates (i.e. carbonates, 0.17-0.68%) are well below bulk silicate Earth (BSE) estimates (0.94 +/- 0.05%) and delta Ca-44/40 in non-metasomatized melt-depleted mantle. Yet, delta Ca-44/40 in the non-leached whole rock (WR) carbonate-bearing samples (0.75-0.95%) fall within, or are only slightly lower than, the BSE range. The Sr-87/Sr-86 range in these WR samples (0.7030-0.7112) includes very high values for peridotites with large aggregates of dolomite and Mg-calcite. It appears that both carbonatite and silicate metasomatism may produce 8.44/40Ca values lower than the BSE such that Ca-isotope data cannot robustly tell apart these two enrichment types, yet carbonatite metasomatism may yield the lowest delta Ca-44/40. Carbonates, even at small mass fractions, are significant hosts of Sr in the WR Spitsbergen peridotites (8-51 wt.% of Sr mass) because of very high Sr concentrations, but add little to WR Ca balance (3-12 wt.%). As a result, high Sr content and Sr-87/Sr-86 ratios may be indices (though not definitive proofs) of carbonatite metasomatism in mantle rocks. (C) 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordCarbonatite metasomatism Silicate metasomatism Ca isotopes Sr isotopes Mantle xenolith Peridotite Spitsbergen
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41773009] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41873002] ; Programme National de Planetologie (PNP) of CNRS/INSU/CNES ; Chinese Academy of Sciences President's International Fellowship Initia-tive (PIFI)[2017VCA0009]
WOS Research AreaGeochemistry & Geophysics
WOS SubjectGeochemistry & Geophysics
WOS IDWOS:000703167600009
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Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorIonov, Dmitri A.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Deep Sea Res, Inst Oceanog, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
2.Pilot Natl Lab Marine Sci & Technol Qingdao, Lab Marine Mineral Resources, Qingdao 266237, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Ocean Megasci, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
4.Univ Montpellier, CNRS, Geosci Montpellier, F-34095 Montpellier, France
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Guangzhou Inst Geochem, State Key Lab Isotope Geochem, Guangzhou 510640, Peoples R China
6.Shandong Univ Sci & Technol, Coll Earth Sci & Engn, Qingdao 266590, Peoples R China
7.Chengdu Univ Technol, Coll Earth Sci, Int Ctr Planetary Sci, Chengdu 610059, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationCenter for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhu, Hongli,Ionov, Dmitri A.,Du, Long,et al. Ca-Sr isotope and chemical evidence for distinct sources of carbonatite and silicate mantle metasomatism[J]. GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA,2021,312:158-179.
APA Zhu, Hongli,Ionov, Dmitri A.,Du, Long,Zhang, Zhaofeng,&Sun, Weidong.(2021).Ca-Sr isotope and chemical evidence for distinct sources of carbonatite and silicate mantle metasomatism.GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA,312,158-179.
MLA Zhu, Hongli,et al."Ca-Sr isotope and chemical evidence for distinct sources of carbonatite and silicate mantle metasomatism".GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA 312(2021):158-179.
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