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Geochemistry and mineralization of titanium
Sun SaiJun1,2; Liao RenQiang1,2; Cong YaNan3; Sui QingLin1,2; Li Ai4
Corresponding AuthorSun SaiJun(
AbstractTitanium, because of its high strength and corrosion resistance, has been widely used in aerospace, medicine, mobile phone and other fields. It is a strategic metallic element in the 20th century. In nature, ilmenite, titanomagnetite and rutile are the most economical titaniferous minerals. Titanium was initially considered to be an inactive metallic element, however, more and more evidences support that it can migrate into metamorphic hydrothermal fluids in certain conditions. The presence of rutile and apatite as paragenetic minerals in high-pressure metamorphic veins may be due to the influence of F-rich fluids on the migration and enrichment of Ti. When fluorapatite precipitates from the F-rich fluids, the K6TiF6 complex will decompose, therefor the solubility of Ti will decrease and rutile will crystallize, which is probably the mechanism of metamorphism and enrichment of the metamorphic rutile deposit. In the magmatic deposits, titanium is often associated with magnetite deposits. It is generally believed that the degree of partial melting, volatile content and the temperature of ore-forming magma determine the formation Ti-bearing deposits or high Ti intrusions. This paper considers that the remelting of recycling rutile-rich oceanic crust or Ti-rich sedimentary deposits is the important source of ore-forming materials for magmatic-type titanium deposits. The formation of sedimentary titanium deposits are related to regional geology, physiography and hydrodynamics. They are often located on the passive continental margin, with high weathering, high-grade titanium sources through weathering, denudation and transgression, and are mainly formed along the costal zone, especially between the low latitudes of 30 degrees N and 30 degrees S. In conclusion, the successful mineralization of Ti is determined by the Ti-rich sources, the depth of provenance, the temperature and degree of partial melting, the degree of contamination of the continental crust, volatile content, the ability of weathering and denudation, etc.
KeywordTitanium deposits Titanomagnetite Rutile Titanium activity Titanium enrichment and mineralization
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeology
WOS IDWOS:000533247400008
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorSun SaiJun
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Deep Sea Res, Inst Oceanol, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
2.Qingdao Natl Lab Marine Sci & Technol, Lab Marine Geol, Qingdao 266237, Peoples R China
3.Inner Mongolia Minerals Expt Res Inst, Hohhot 010031, Peoples R China
4.Qingdao Univ, Sch Data Sci & Software Engn, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Sun SaiJun,Liao RenQiang,Cong YaNan,et al. Geochemistry and mineralization of titanium[J]. ACTA PETROLOGICA SINICA,2020,36(1):68-76.
APA Sun SaiJun,Liao RenQiang,Cong YaNan,Sui QingLin,&Li Ai.(2020).Geochemistry and mineralization of titanium.ACTA PETROLOGICA SINICA,36(1),68-76.
MLA Sun SaiJun,et al."Geochemistry and mineralization of titanium".ACTA PETROLOGICA SINICA 36.1(2020):68-76.
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