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Toxicity comparison among four strains of Margalefidinium polykrikoides from China, Malaysia, and USA (belonging to two ribotypes) and possible implications
Wang, Huan1,3; Hu, Zhangxi1,2,4; Shang, Lixia1,2,4; Leaw, Chui Pin5; Lim, Po Teen5; Tang, Ying Zhong1,2,4
2020-03-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY
ISSN0022-0981
Volume524Pages:8
Corresponding AuthorTang, Ying Zhong(yingzhong.tang@qdio.ac.cn)
AbstractThe unarmored dinoflagellate Margalefidinium polykrikoides is a well-known cosmopolitan harmful alga that forms intensive blooms causing massive fish kills and mortality of other marine animals. Globally distributed populations of M. polykrikoides have been categorized into four ribotypes: East Asian, American/Malaysian, Philippines, and Mediterranean, according to their characteristic sequences in LSU rRNA gene and primary geographic distributions, while no discernible morphological feature has been observed to distinguish. Here we examined the toxicity of four strains of M. polykrikoides including MPJZB-C3 and MPJZB-D6 (East Asian ribotype, from China), CP1 (American/Malaysian ribotype, from USA), and MPCoKK23 (American/Malaysian ribotype, from Malaysia), to three aquatic animals including the marine medaka (Oryzias melastigma), rotifer (Brachionus plicatilis, L-type), and brine shrimp (Artemia salina). With equivalent initial cell densities ranged from 1000 to 7000 cells mL(-1), CP1 and MPCoKK23 displayed acute toxicity in a dose-response manner to the three target animals (100% mortality at higher cell densities) within 24 h, MPJZB-C3 also displayed acute toxicity to the fish and rotifer in 24 h (up to 50% mortality) when the cell densities were above 3000 cells mL(-1). The strain MPJZB-D6 did not exhibit significant toxicity to all three animals in 24 h, but, in 120 h, caused 50-100% mortalities in fish when the cell density was > 3000 cells mL(-1) and 17% mortality in brine shrimp when the cell density was > 5000 cells mL(-1). Statistical analysis of the data indicated that the strains CP1 and MPCoKK23 exhibited significantly higher toxicity (50-100% mortalities) to all three animals than the strains MPJZB-C3 and MPJZB-D6 (0-100% mortality) did within 24 h exposure, while, however, the difference in toxicity between the American and Malaysian strains and that between the two Chinese strains were both not significant in terms of the mortality of test animals. While the cell-free culture media (by filtration) and sonicated cultures were less toxic to test animals than the live cultures for all M. polykrikoides strains, sonicated cultures were even less toxic than the cell-free culture media. Among the three target animals, the marine medaka exhibited most sensitive to the toxicity, followed by rotifer and then brine shrimp. Collectively, while our results demonstrated that all strains, or both ribotypes, of M. polykrikoides are toxic, the results may also suggest the differences in toxicity to three test animals among the four cultures of M. polykrikoides reflect the inherent difference in toxicity between East Asian and American/Malaysian ribotypes, which stimulated us to propose a further investigation on whether or not the four different ribotypes also differ inherently in their toxicity in the future, via comparing more strains of all four ribotypes and relevant genetic characterizations.
KeywordDinoflagellate Harmful algal blooms (HABs) Margalefidinium polykrikoides Ribotype Toxicity
DOI10.1016/j.jembe.2019.151293
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Science Foundation of China[61533011] ; National Science Foundation of China[41776125] ; National Science Foundation of China[41506143] ; NSFC-Shandong Joint Fund for Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences[U1606404] ; Scientific and Technological Innovation Project of the Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science[2016ASKJ02] ; Youth Talent Support Program of the Laboratory for Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao)[LMEES-YTSP-2018-01-04] ; National Key R&D Program of China[2017YFC1404300] ; Creative Team Project of the Laboratory for Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology[LMEES-CTSP-2018-1]
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
WOS SubjectEcology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology
WOS IDWOS:000514018900015
PublisherELSEVIER
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/165599
Collection海洋生态与环境科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorTang, Ying Zhong
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, CAS Key Lab Marine Ecol & Environm Sci, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
2.Qingdao Natl Lab Marine Sci & Technol, Lab Marine Ecol & Environm Sci, Qingdao 266237, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Ocean Megasci, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
5.Univ Malaya, Inst Ocean & Earth Sci, Bachok Marine Res Stn, Bachok 16310, Kelantan, Malaysia
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Marine Ecology & Environmental Sciences, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Marine Ecology & Environmental Sciences, CAS;  Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Huan,Hu, Zhangxi,Shang, Lixia,et al. Toxicity comparison among four strains of Margalefidinium polykrikoides from China, Malaysia, and USA (belonging to two ribotypes) and possible implications[J]. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY,2020,524:8.
APA Wang, Huan,Hu, Zhangxi,Shang, Lixia,Leaw, Chui Pin,Lim, Po Teen,&Tang, Ying Zhong.(2020).Toxicity comparison among four strains of Margalefidinium polykrikoides from China, Malaysia, and USA (belonging to two ribotypes) and possible implications.JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY,524,8.
MLA Wang, Huan,et al."Toxicity comparison among four strains of Margalefidinium polykrikoides from China, Malaysia, and USA (belonging to two ribotypes) and possible implications".JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY 524(2020):8.
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