IOCAS-IR  > 海洋环流与波动重点实验室
Assessment of the Atlantic water layer in the Arctic Ocean in CMIP5 climate models
Shu, Qi1,2,3; Wang, Qiang4; Su, Jie5,6; Li, Xiang7; Qiao, Fangli1,2,3
2019-11-01
Source PublicationCLIMATE DYNAMICS
ISSN0930-7575
Volume53Issue:9-10Pages:5279-5291
Corresponding AuthorShu, Qi(shuqi@fio.org.cn)
AbstractAtlantic water (AW) plays an important role in the thermal balance of the Arctic Ocean, but thus far there has been no comprehensive assessment of the AW layer in the Arctic Ocean simulated by coupled climate models in the framework of Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP). In this study we assessed the climatology and the trend of the Arctic AW layer in the historical simulations of 41 CMIP5 climate models. The results show that the CMIP5 intermodel spread is large in terms of simulated hydrography, AW core temperature (AWCT) and AW core depth (AWCD) in the Arctic Ocean. The CMIP5 multimodel means are found to be able to reproduce the main climatological spatial patterns of both the AWCT, which is warm near the Fram Strait and decreases along the AW pathways, and the AWCD, which deepens along the AW pathways. However, similar to standalone ocean-ice models, the CMIP5 climate models also face the common problems of too deep and too thick AW layer. AWCT bias in the Arctic Ocean is related to simulated water properties near the Fram Strait and in the Kara and Barents seas. Models with large AWCT biases are those with large biases in AW temperature in the Fram Strait. The biases of AWCT are also significantly correlated with the ocean temperature in the Kara Sea, which is modulated by winter cooling, hence the mixed layer depth and sea ice cover in the Barents Sea. The CMIP5 models largely underestimate the interannual variability of the AWCT, and the CMIP5-simulated increasing trend of the AWCT in the Arctic Ocean is considerably lower than the observed one since the late 1970s.
DOI10.1007/s00382-019-04870-6
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFC1401407] ; Basic Scientific Fund for National Public Research Institute of China (ShuXingbei Young Talent Program)[2019S06] ; Global Change Research Program of China[2015CB953900] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41330960] ; NSFC-Shandong Joint Fund for Marine Science Research Centers[U1406404]
WOS Research AreaMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS SubjectMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000493469900009
PublisherSPRINGER
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/165065
Collection海洋环流与波动重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorShu, Qi
Affiliation1.Minist Nat Resources, Inst Oceanog 1, Qingdao, Shandong, Peoples R China
2.Pilot Natl Lab Marine Sci & Technol Qingdao, Lab Reg Oceanog & Numer Modeling, Qingdao, Shandong, Peoples R China
3.Minist Nat Resources, Key Lab Marine Sci & Numer Modeling, Qingdao, Shandong, Peoples R China
4.Helmholtz Ctr Polar & Marine Res, Alfred Wegener Inst, Bremerhaven, Germany
5.Ocean Univ China, CIMST, Phys Oceanog Lab, Qingdao, Shandong, Peoples R China
6.Pilot Natl Lab Marine Sci & Technol Qingdao, Lab Ocean & Climate Dynam, Qingdao, Shandong, Peoples R China
7.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Key Lab Ocean Circulat & Waves, Qingdao, Shandong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Shu, Qi,Wang, Qiang,Su, Jie,et al. Assessment of the Atlantic water layer in the Arctic Ocean in CMIP5 climate models[J]. CLIMATE DYNAMICS,2019,53(9-10):5279-5291.
APA Shu, Qi,Wang, Qiang,Su, Jie,Li, Xiang,&Qiao, Fangli.(2019).Assessment of the Atlantic water layer in the Arctic Ocean in CMIP5 climate models.CLIMATE DYNAMICS,53(9-10),5279-5291.
MLA Shu, Qi,et al."Assessment of the Atlantic water layer in the Arctic Ocean in CMIP5 climate models".CLIMATE DYNAMICS 53.9-10(2019):5279-5291.
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