IOCAS-IR  > 海洋地质与环境重点实验室
Lithosphere thickness controls continental basalt compositions: An illustration using Cenozoic basalts from eastern China
Guo, Pengyuan1,2; Niu, Yaoling1,2,3,4; Sun, Pu1,2; Gong, Hongmei1,2; Wang, Xiaohong1,2
2020-02-01
Source PublicationGEOLOGY
ISSN0091-7613
Volume48Issue:2Pages:128-133
Corresponding AuthorGuo, Pengyuan(guopy@qdio.ac.cn)
AbstractRecent studies demonstrate that lithosphere thickness variation exerts the primary control on global seafloor basalt compositions. If the mechanism of such control, i.e., the lid effect, is indeed at work, lithosphere thickness variation must also influence basaltic compositions in continental settings. To test this hypothesis, we chose to study Cenozoic basalts in eastern continental China over a distance of similar to 260 km along a southeast-to-northwest traverse with a steep topographic gradient (similar to 500 to similar to 1500 nit above sea level) mirrored with a steep lithospheric thickness gradient (similar to 80 to similar to 120 km). The basalts erupted on the thinned lithosphere to the east are characterized by lower pressure (e.g., higher Si-72, lower Mg-72, Fe-72, and [Sm/Yb](N); subscript "72" refers to corresponding oxides corrected for fractionation effect to Mg# = 72; N-primitive mantle normalized) and higher extent (e.g., low Ti-72, P-72, K-72, Rb, Ba, Th, and ratios of more- to less-incompatible elements such as [La/Sm](N), Ba/Zr, and Zr/Yb) of melting than basalts erupted on the thickened lithosphere to the west. Importantly, these geochemical parameters all show significant correlations with both lithosphere thickness and topographic elevation. These first-order observations are a straightforward manifestation of the lid effect. Lithospheric contamination and mantle-source compositional variation can indeed contribute to the compositional variability of these continental basalts, but these latter effects are averaged out and are overshadowed by the lid effect. This finding emphasizes the importance of evaluating the lid effect before interpreting the petrogenesis of continental basalts and mantle dynamics. Our results also indicate that the continental surface elevation is isostatically balanced above a mantle depth that is deeper than the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary.
DOI10.1130/G46710.1
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[41776067] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41630968] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[91014003] ; 111 Project of China[B18048]
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeology
WOS IDWOS:000509553300007
PublisherGEOLOGICAL SOC AMER, INC
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/164479
Collection海洋地质与环境重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorGuo, Pengyuan
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Key Lab Marine Geol & Environm, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
2.Qingdao Natl Lab Marine Sci & Technol, Qingdao 266061, Peoples R China
3.Univ Durham, Dept Earth Sci, Durham DH1 3LE, England
4.China Univ Geosci, Sch Earth Sci & Resources, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Guo, Pengyuan,Niu, Yaoling,Sun, Pu,et al. Lithosphere thickness controls continental basalt compositions: An illustration using Cenozoic basalts from eastern China[J]. GEOLOGY,2020,48(2):128-133.
APA Guo, Pengyuan,Niu, Yaoling,Sun, Pu,Gong, Hongmei,&Wang, Xiaohong.(2020).Lithosphere thickness controls continental basalt compositions: An illustration using Cenozoic basalts from eastern China.GEOLOGY,48(2),128-133.
MLA Guo, Pengyuan,et al."Lithosphere thickness controls continental basalt compositions: An illustration using Cenozoic basalts from eastern China".GEOLOGY 48.2(2020):128-133.
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