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Effect of the Decadal Kuroshio Extension Variability on the Seasonal Changes of the Mixed-Layer Salinity Anomalies in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Confluence Region
Geng, Yu1,2; Wang, Qiang1,3,4; Mu, Mu5
2018-12-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS
ISSN2169-9275
Volume123Issue:12Pages:8849-8861
Corresponding AuthorWang, Qiang(wangqiang@qdio.ac.cn)
AbstractThis study investigates the seasonal variations of the mixed-layer salinity anomalies (MLSAs) under the decadal variability of the Kuroshio Extension (KE) in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Confluence Region (KOCR: 35-40 degrees N, 140-150 degrees E). Our analysis reveals that the seasonal variation trend of the MLSA is almost opposite in the stable and unstable states of the KE. In the stable (unstable) state, the increasing (decreasing) MLSA in the KOCR reaches its maximal positive (minimal negative) value in late summer and then decreases (increases) gradually. An exploration of the budget of the MLSA shows that ocean dynamics explain more than half of the seasonal MLSA changes in the two states and exceed the contribution of atmospheric forcing (approximately 18%). The leading oceanic processes include advection of the mean mixed-layer salinity by anomalous Ekman and geostrophic currents and advection of the MLSA by mean geostrophic currents, which explain 13.80%, 12.90%, and 20.73% (11.59%, 13.36%, and 24.90%) of the MLSA temporal changes in the stable (unstable) states, respectively. The difference in the MLSA between the two states is primarily derived from the discrepancies in the anomalous ocean currents in the KOCR and south of Japan, salinity anomalies in the south of Japan, and sea surface temperature anomalies affecting atmospheric forcing between the two modes of the KE. Moreover, the most apparent influences are concentrated in summer and early autumn because of the shallower mixed layer in terms of atmospheric forcing and obvious velocity changes and the distribution of climatological salinity for ocean processes. Plain Language Summary The Kuroshio is the western boundary currents of the subtropical in the western North Pacific. The warm, saline, northward-flowing Kuroshio separates from the Japanese coast near 35 degrees N, 140 degrees E to flow eastward. The eastward-flowing, free, inertial jet in the North Pacific subtropical gyre is recognized as the Kuroshio Extension (KE). An important feature of the KE is that it has two states. The path is relatively straight in the KE stable state while it is more convoluted in the unstable state. The seasonal variation trend of the mixed-layer salinity anomalies in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Confluence Region (35-40 degrees N, 140-150 degrees E) is almost opposite in the stable and unstable states of the KE. In the stable (unstable) state, the mixed-layer salinity anomalies in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Confluence Region is increasing and reaches its maximal positive (minimal negative) value in late summer and then decreases (increases) gradually. This variation trend is mainly affected by the almost reverse ocean dynamics (the advection of the salinity by ocean currents) and atmospheric forcing (evaporation and precipitation). Moreover, the most apparent influences concentrate on summer and early autumn.
KeywordKuroshio extension seasonal mixed-layer salinity anomalies ocean advection process
DOI10.1029/2018JC014139
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectQingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology[QNLM2016ORP0107] ; National Natural Scientific Foundation of China[41576015] ; National Natural Scientific Foundation of China[41490644] ; National Natural Scientific Foundation of China[41490640] ; NSFC Innovative Group[41421005] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA20060502] ; National Programme on Global Change and Air-Sea Interaction[GASI-IPOVAI-06] ; NSFC-Shandong Joint Fund for Marine Science Research Centers[U1606402]
WOS Research AreaOceanography
WOS SubjectOceanography
WOS IDWOS:000456405900011
PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/160648
Collection海洋环流与波动重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWang, Qiang
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, CAS Key Lab Ocean Circulat & Waves, Qingdao, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Qingdao Natl Lab Marine Sci & Technol, Qingdao, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Ocean Mega Sci, Qingdao, Peoples R China
5.Fudan Univ, Inst Atmospher Sci, Shanghai, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Geng, Yu,Wang, Qiang,Mu, Mu. Effect of the Decadal Kuroshio Extension Variability on the Seasonal Changes of the Mixed-Layer Salinity Anomalies in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Confluence Region[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS,2018,123(12):8849-8861.
APA Geng, Yu,Wang, Qiang,&Mu, Mu.(2018).Effect of the Decadal Kuroshio Extension Variability on the Seasonal Changes of the Mixed-Layer Salinity Anomalies in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Confluence Region.JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS,123(12),8849-8861.
MLA Geng, Yu,et al."Effect of the Decadal Kuroshio Extension Variability on the Seasonal Changes of the Mixed-Layer Salinity Anomalies in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Confluence Region".JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS 123.12(2018):8849-8861.
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