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Effect of Temperature on Growth, Energy Budget, and Physiological Performance of Green, White, and Purple Color Morphs of Sea Cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus
Bai, Yucen1,2; Chen, Yan3; Pan, Yang4; Zhang, Libin1,5; Liu, Shilin1,5; Ru, Xiaoshang1,5; Xing, Lili1,5; Zhang, Tao1,5; Yang, Hongsheng1,5; Li, Jing6
2018-06-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF THE WORLD AQUACULTURE SOCIETY
ISSN0893-8849
Volume49Issue:3Pages:625-637
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Libin(zhanglibin@qdio.ac.cn)
AbstractAs an intertidal species, Apostichopus japonicus is subject to diel and seasonal temperature fluctuations. Color variation is a distinct characteristic of A. japonicus, and a new color morph, purple A. japonicus, was recently found on the coast of Rushan, Weihai City. This study was conducted to compare the performance of green, white, and purple color morphs of A. japonicus at different water temperatures to help improving aquaculture technology and management. In this study, green, white, and purple color morphs of juvenile A. japonicus (1.5 +/- 0.1 g) were cultured at 10, 14, 18, 22, and 26 C for 60 d, according to the suitable temperature range for sea cucumber growth. Temperature was shown to have a significant effect on growth, energy budget, and physiology of sea cucumbers (P < 0.05). Specific growth rates, feed conversion efficiencies, and the proportion of energy allocated to growth of all three color morphs were optimal at 18 C. Activities of the enzymes related with oxidative stress, immune response, and digestion were determined. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and trypsin activities generally reached a maximum in all three color morphs at 18 C. The purple color morph of A. japonicus was higher in growth rate, food conversion efficiency, and proportion of energy allocated to growth than green and white color morphs at 18 and 22 C, consistent with its higher trypsin and SOD activity, indicating the mutual effect of growth and physiology. At 18, 22, and 26 C, the green color morph had the highest level of lysozyme activity and purple color morph had the lowest, indicating possible infection by external pathogens of green color morph, which might be caused by high temperature. These results suggested that the optimum temperature for culture of the three color morphs was approximately 18 C, the purple had a better adaption to high temperature, and the green and white color morphs may be more susceptible to thermal stress than the purple color morph.
Keywordcolor morph digestive enzymes energy budget immune response oxidative stress
DOI10.1111/jwas.12505
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNature Science Foundation of Shandong Province[ZR2016CQ04] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA11020703] ; Central Public-interest Scientific Institution Basal Research Fund, CAFS[2016C001] ; Taishan Scholars Program
WOS Research AreaFisheries
WOS SubjectFisheries
WOS IDWOS:000434226500016
PublisherWILEY
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/157565
Collection海洋生态与环境科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Libin
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, CAS Key Lab Marine Ecol & Environm Sci, 7 Nanhai Rd, Qingdao 266071, Shandong, Peoples R China
2.China Rural Technol Dev Ctr, 54 Sanlihe Rd, Beijing 100045, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Aquat Prod Technol Promot Dept, Bldg 1 Huilongsen Sci & Technol Pk, Beijing 100176, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Fishery Sci, 150 Qingta,Yongding Rd, Beijing 100141, Peoples R China
5.Qingdao Natl Lab Marine Sci & Technol, Lab Marine Ecol & Environm Sci, 1 Wenhai Rd, Qingdao 266237, Shandong, Peoples R China
6.Shandong Oriental Ocean Sci Tech Co Ltd, 18 Aucma Rd, Yantai 264680, Shandong, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Bai, Yucen,Chen, Yan,Pan, Yang,et al. Effect of Temperature on Growth, Energy Budget, and Physiological Performance of Green, White, and Purple Color Morphs of Sea Cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus[J]. JOURNAL OF THE WORLD AQUACULTURE SOCIETY,2018,49(3):625-637.
APA Bai, Yucen.,Chen, Yan.,Pan, Yang.,Zhang, Libin.,Liu, Shilin.,...&Li, Jing.(2018).Effect of Temperature on Growth, Energy Budget, and Physiological Performance of Green, White, and Purple Color Morphs of Sea Cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus.JOURNAL OF THE WORLD AQUACULTURE SOCIETY,49(3),625-637.
MLA Bai, Yucen,et al."Effect of Temperature on Growth, Energy Budget, and Physiological Performance of Green, White, and Purple Color Morphs of Sea Cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus".JOURNAL OF THE WORLD AQUACULTURE SOCIETY 49.3(2018):625-637.
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