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Retention and characteristics of microplastics in natural zooplankton taxa from the East China Sea
Sun, Xiaoxia1,2,4; Liu, Tao2; Zhu, Mingliang1; Liang, Junhua1; Zhao, Yongfang1; Zhang, Bo1,3
2018-11-01
Source PublicationSCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
ISSN0048-9697
Volume640Pages:232-242
SubtypeArticle
AbstractThe ubiquitous presence and persistence ofmicroplastics (MPs) in aquatic environments have become of particular concern in recent years. Biological interactions are among the key processes that affect the impact and fate of MPs in the oceans. Zooplankton is one of the most sensitive taxa because their prey is approximately the same size as MPs. However, the status of MPs in zooplankton within natural marine environments remains largely unknown. By focusing on zooplankton in the East China Sea, the characteristics, bioaccumulated concentration, and retention of MPs for 10 zooplankton groups were systematically studied. Three types of MPs were found in zooplankton: fibres, pellets, and fragments. The fibres (54.6%) were more common than the other two types. The average lengths of the fibres, pellets, and fragments were 295.2 +/- 348.6 mu m, 20.3 +/- 11.0 mu m, and 82.4 +/- 80.5 mu m, respectively. Nineteen polymers were detected in the zooplankton via the Thermo Scientific Nicolet iN10 Infrared Microscope. Polymerized oxidized organic material and polyester were dominant, accounting for 35.9% and 25.6% of the polymers, respectively. The bioaccumulated concentration of MPs in the 10 zooplankton taxa varied from 0.13 pieces/zooplankton for Copepoda to 0.35 pieces/zooplankton for Pteropoda. The bioaccumulated concentration was negatively correlated with the abundance of zooplankton, showing a significant biological dilution effect. The bioaccumulated concentration was also influenced by the feeding mode of zooplankton, showing a trend of omnivorous > carnivorous > herbivorous. High retention of MPs was found in the zooplankton community of the East China Sea, achieving 19.7 +/- 22.4 pieces/m(3). This is much higher than the MP retention in zooplankton from other reported sea areas. By revealing the characteristics and retention of MPs in the natural zooplankton taxa from the East China Sea, this research identified the influence that MPs have on zooplankton in a typical coastal environment. This information can be utilized for subsequent controlled experiments and risk assessments. (c) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordMicroplastics Zooplankton Retention The East China Sea
Subject AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.05.308
Indexed BySCIE
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000438408800026
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/157520
Collection海洋生态与环境科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Jiaozhou Bay Natl Marine Ecosyst Res Stn, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
2.Qingdao Natl Lab Marine Sci & Technol, Lab Marine Ecol & Environm Sci, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, CAS Key Lab Marine Ecol & Environm Sci, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Ocean Mega Sci, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences;  Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology & Environmental Sciences, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Sun, Xiaoxia,Liu, Tao,Zhu, Mingliang,et al. Retention and characteristics of microplastics in natural zooplankton taxa from the East China Sea[J]. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,2018,640:232-242.
APA Sun, Xiaoxia,Liu, Tao,Zhu, Mingliang,Liang, Junhua,Zhao, Yongfang,&Zhang, Bo.(2018).Retention and characteristics of microplastics in natural zooplankton taxa from the East China Sea.SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,640,232-242.
MLA Sun, Xiaoxia,et al."Retention and characteristics of microplastics in natural zooplankton taxa from the East China Sea".SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 640(2018):232-242.
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