IOCAS-IR  > 海洋生态与环境科学重点实验室
Stable isotope signatures and nutritional sources of some dominant species from the PACManus hydrothermal area and the Desmos caldera
Wang, Xiaocheng1,2,3,4; Li, Chaolun1,2,4,5; Wang, Minxiao1,2,4,5; Zheng, Ping1,2,4
2018-12-17
Source PublicationPLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
Volume13Issue:12Pages:17
Corresponding AuthorLi, Chaolun(lcl@qdio.ac.cn)
AbstractDeep-sea hydrothermal vents in the western Pacific are increasingly explored for potential mineral extraction. The study of the composition of the food web plays an important guiding role in the ecological protection and restoration of potential mining areas. The general picture of the nutritional sources of species should be established to assess the potential impacts of future mining activities on the biological composition and food sources. To provide basic information, we analyzed the carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios of the dominant macrofauna (mussels, commensal scale worms, crustaceans, gastropods, and vestimentiferans) at three different sites in the PACManus hydrothermal area and the Desmos caldera. The delta C-13 ratio was significantly different between species: mussels and commensal scale worms showed lighter delta C-13 ratios, whereas crustaceans showed heavier ratios. In terms of delta N-15, mussels had the lowest values and the crustaceans had the highest values. By taking into account these stable isotope signatures, we were able to develop inferences of the food sources for vent community organisms. We found that the food web was based on various species of chemoautotrophic bacteria. Mussels appeared to rely primarily on sulfur-based endosymbionts, which use the Calvin-Benson-Bassham (CBB) cycle and RuBisCO form I as the CO2-fixing enzyme. Commensal polychaetes mostly obtained their nutrition from their hosts. Crustacean species were omnivorous, feeding on chemosynthetic bacteria, sedimentary debris, or even animals according to the local environment. In contrast, gastropods relied mainly on symbiotic bacteria with some supplementary consumption of detritus. Vestimentiferans obtained food from symbiotic bacteria using the RuBisCO form II enzyme in the CBB cycle and may have several symbionts using different fixation pathways. Although most macrofauna relied on symbiotic chemoautotrophic bacteria, our study suggested a closer trophic relationship between animals. Therefore, to evaluate the potential impacts of deep sea mining, it is necessary to study the cascade effects on the food web of the whole ecosystem. Before exploiting deep-sea resources, further systematic investigations concerning the protection of deep-sea ecosystems are necessary.
DOI10.1371/journaI.pone.0208887
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectScientific and Technological Innovation Project - Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology[2016ASKJ14] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA11030202] ; NSFC-Shandong Joint Fund for Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences[U1406403] ; Innovation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences International Partnership Project Team[20140491526]
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000453451000054
PublisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/155821
Collection海洋生态与环境科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLi, Chaolun
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Key Lab Marine Ecol & Environm Sci, Qingdao, Peoples R China
2.Qingdao Natl Lab Marine Sci & Technol, Lab Marine Ecol & Environm Sci, Qingdao, Peoples R China
3.Natl Marine Environm Monitoring Ctr, Dalian, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Ocean Mega Sci, Qingdao, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Xiaocheng,Li, Chaolun,Wang, Minxiao,et al. Stable isotope signatures and nutritional sources of some dominant species from the PACManus hydrothermal area and the Desmos caldera[J]. PLOS ONE,2018,13(12):17.
APA Wang, Xiaocheng,Li, Chaolun,Wang, Minxiao,&Zheng, Ping.(2018).Stable isotope signatures and nutritional sources of some dominant species from the PACManus hydrothermal area and the Desmos caldera.PLOS ONE,13(12),17.
MLA Wang, Xiaocheng,et al."Stable isotope signatures and nutritional sources of some dominant species from the PACManus hydrothermal area and the Desmos caldera".PLOS ONE 13.12(2018):17.
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Wang, Xiaocheng]'s Articles
[Li, Chaolun]'s Articles
[Wang, Minxiao]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Wang, Xiaocheng]'s Articles
[Li, Chaolun]'s Articles
[Wang, Minxiao]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Wang, Xiaocheng]'s Articles
[Li, Chaolun]'s Articles
[Wang, Minxiao]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.