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TiO2纳米复合材料对金属光生阴极保护性能研究
其他题名Study on the Photogenerated Cathodic Protection of TiO2 Nanocomposites for Metals
廖彤
第一作者单位中国科学院海洋研究所
学位类型硕士
导师侯保荣
2018-05-10
学位授予单位中国科学院大学
学位授予地点中国科学院海洋研究所
学位名称工程硕士
关键词二氧化钛 阴极保护 304不锈钢 Q235碳钢 纳米复合材料
摘要

围绕光生阴极保护这一新兴的金属防腐蚀方法,研究了几种复合半导体材料可见光下对金属的光生阴极保护性能。TiO2半导体材料由于其价格低廉、化学性能稳定、光电性能优异、制备简单等优势在金属的光生阴极保护领域得到了广泛关注。但是,TiO2半导体材料禁带宽度较大,光响应范围窄,光吸收局限于紫外光,除此之外,高的光生载流子复合率,也大大影响了TiO2半导体材料的光电性能。针对这些缺点,本采用窄禁带半导体与TiO2半导体复合的方式,增强材料的光生阴极保护性能。首先,使用二次阳极氧化法在钛片基板上制备排整齐的TiO2纳米管阵列,然后通过连续离子层吸附反应法、化学浴法以及水热法等在其表面修饰Fe2O3Bi2Ti2O7In2S3纳米颗粒。利用扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、X射线衍射(XRD)、X射线光电子能谱(XPS)等对复合材料的微观形貌、晶相、元素组成等进行表征,并利用电化学手段研究复合材料对金属的光生阴极保护效果。

(1) 利用化学浴法在TiO2纳米管表面制备了Fe2O3纳米颗粒,通过改变制备过程中铁源(Fe(NO3)3)溶液浓度来改变Fe2O3纳米颗粒的负载量。检测明当Fe(NO3)3溶液浓度为0.05 mol/L时,在间歇可见光下与304不锈钢偶联时的开路电位降为500 mV,光致电流密度为40 μA/cm2,对304不锈钢的光生阴极保护性能最佳。由于电荷积累,Fe2O3与TiO2接触界面会形成有效异质结,使导带相对位置变化,促进电子传输,提高光生阴极保护性能。

(2) 采用水热法成功在TiO2纳米管表层制备了八面体结构的Bi2Ti2O7纳米粒子,通过电化学方法研究了Bi2Ti2O7/TiO2纳米复合材料对304不锈钢以及Q235碳钢的光生阴极保护性能。间歇可见光下,Bi2Ti2O7/TiO2复合材料与304不锈钢耦合电位降为670 mV,光致电流密度为45 μA/cm2;Bi2Ti2O7/TiO2复合材料与Q235碳钢耦合电位降为330 mV,光致电流密度为30 μA/cm2。通过研究发现,Bi2Ti2O7/TiO2纳米复合材料对304不锈钢以及Q235碳钢都有一定的光生阴极保护效果。

(3) 通过连续离子层吸附反应法在TiO2纳米管上制备了In2S3纳米颗粒,研究In2S3/TiO2纳米复合材料在不含空穴捕获剂的溶液中对304不锈钢的光生阴极保护性能In2S3纳米颗粒修饰后的复合材料禁带宽度较窄,光响应性能增强,对304不锈钢的光生阴极保护性能得以提升。当In2S3沉积次数为35次时,在3.5% NaCl溶液中可见光下对304不锈钢有最佳的光生阴极保护效果。

其他摘要

This study pays attention to the photocathode protection, a newly developed corrosion protection methods for metals, and discusses the photocathode protection performance of several nanocomposites under visible light. TiO2 has attracted wide attention in the field of photocathode protection due to the advantages of low cost, non-toxic, chemical stability, excellent photoelectric performance as well as simple preparation. However, because of a large band gap, TiO2 possesses a narrow light response range, which can only absorb ultraviolet light. Besides, the photovoltaic properties of TiO2 are also affected immensely by its high recombination rate of photogenerated carriers. In response to these shortages, narrow gap semiconductors were combined with TiO2 to enhance the photocathode protection performance of composites. Firstly, the TiO2 nanotube arrays were prepared on the titanium substrate by two-step anodization. Subsequently, Fe2O3, Bi2Ti2O7 and In2S3 nanoparticles were modified on the TiO2 nanotube arrays by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) method, chemical bath and hydrothermal method. The morphology, crystal structure and element state of the composites were observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The photocathodic protection properties of composite materials for metal were discussed by electrochemical method.

  1. Fe2O3 nanoparticles were decorated on the surface of TiO2 nanotube by chemical bath method. The amount of Fe2O3 nanoparticles was changed by changing the concentration of iron source (Fe(NO3)3) in the preparation process. The results declared that when the concentration of Fe(NO3)3 solution was 0.05 mol/L, the open circuit potential decreased to 500 mV and the photoinduced current density was 40 μA/cm2, which was the best one for the photocathodic protection for 304 stainless steel. Due to the charge accumulation, the contact interface between Fe2O3 and TiO2 will form an effective heterojunction, which changes the relative position of the guide band, promotes the electronic transmission and improves the photocathode protection performance.
  2. The octahedral Bi2Ti2O7 nanoparticles were successfully prepared on the TiO2 nanotube by hydrothermal method. Then the photocathode protection properties of Bi2Ti2O7/TiO2 nanocomposites for 304 stainless steel and Q235 carbon steel were analyzed by electrochemical method. Under the intermittent visible light, the coupling potential of Bi2Ti2O7/TiO2 composite and 304 stainless steel decreased to 670 mV, and the photoinduced current density was 45 μA/cm2, while the coupling potential of Bi2Ti2O7/TiO2 composite and Q235 carbon steel decreased to 330 mV, and the photoinduced current density was 30 μA/cm2. It turned out that Bi2Ti2O7/TiO2 nanocomposite owned an outstanding photocathode protection for 304 stainless steel and Q235 carbon steel.
  3. In2S3 nanoparticles were loaded on TiO2 nanotube by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method. The photoinduced cathodic protection properties of In2S3/TiO2 nanocomposites for 304 stainless steel without hole trapping agent was researched. It illustrated that In2S3/TiO2 nanocomposites owned narrow band gap and excellent light response, enhanced photoresponse performance and superior photocathodic protection performance for 304 stainless steel. When the number of In2S3 deposition was 35 times, the photocathode protection on 304 stainless steel under visible light in 3.5% NaCl solution was optimal.
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/154494
专题海洋腐蚀与防护研究发展中心
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
廖彤. TiO2纳米复合材料对金属光生阴极保护性能研究[D]. 中国科学院海洋研究所. 中国科学院大学,2018.
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