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Effects of high ammonia concentrations on three cyprinid fish: Acute and whole-ecosystem chronic tests
Wang, Hai-Jun1; Xiao, Xu-Cheng1,2; Wang, Hong-Zhu1; Li, Yan1,2; Yu, Qing1,2; Liang, Xiao-Min1; Feng, Wei-Song1; Shao, Jian-Chun2,3; Rybicki, Marcus4; Jungmann, Dirk4; Jeppesen, Erik5,6
2017-11-15
Source PublicationSCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
Volume598Pages:900-909
SubtypeArticle
AbstractA number of studies have revealed ammonia to be toxic to aquatic organisms; however, little is known about its effects under natural conditions. To elucidate the role of ammonia, we conducted 96-h acute toxicity tests as well as a whole-ecosystem chronic toxicity test for one year in ten 600-m(2) ponds. Three common cyprinids, silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Val. (H.m.), bighead carp Aristichthys nobilis Richardson (Am.), and gibel carp Carassius auratus gibelio Bloch (C.g.), were used as test organisms. The 96-h LC50 values of un-ionized ammonia (NH3) for H.m.,A.n., and Cg. were 035, 033, and 0.73 mg L-1, respectively. In the ponds, annual mean NH3 ranged between 0.01 and 0.54 mg L-1, with 4 ponds having a NH3 higher than the LC50 of A.n. (lowest LC50 in this study). No fish were found dead in the high-nitrogen ponds, but marked histological changes were found in livers and gills. Despite these changes, the specific growth rate of H.m. and An. increased significantly with NH3. Our pond results suggest that fish might be more tolerant to high ammonia concentrations in natural aquatic ecosystems than under laboratory conditions. Our finding from field experiments thus suggests that the existing regulatory limits for reactive nitrogen (NH3) established from lab toxicity tests might be somewhat too high at the ecosystem conditions. Field-scale chronic toxicity tests covering full life histories of fish and other aquatic organisms are therefore encouraged in order to optimize determination of the effects of ammonia in natural environments. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordAmmonia Cyprinid Fish Acute Test Chronic Test Whole-ecosystem Experiment
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.04.070
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000404504000091
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Version出版稿
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/137136
Collection实验海洋生物学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Hydrobiol, State Key Lab Freshwater Ecol & Biotechnol, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Natl & Local Joint Engn Lab Ecol Mariculture, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
4.Tech Univ Dresden, Inst Hydrobiol, D-01062 Dresden, Germany
5.Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, Aarhus, Denmark
6.Sinodanish Ctr Educ & Res, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Hai-Jun,Xiao, Xu-Cheng,Wang, Hong-Zhu,et al. Effects of high ammonia concentrations on three cyprinid fish: Acute and whole-ecosystem chronic tests[J]. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,2017,598:900-909.
APA Wang, Hai-Jun.,Xiao, Xu-Cheng.,Wang, Hong-Zhu.,Li, Yan.,Yu, Qing.,...&Jeppesen, Erik.(2017).Effects of high ammonia concentrations on three cyprinid fish: Acute and whole-ecosystem chronic tests.SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,598,900-909.
MLA Wang, Hai-Jun,et al."Effects of high ammonia concentrations on three cyprinid fish: Acute and whole-ecosystem chronic tests".SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 598(2017):900-909.
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