IOCAS-IR  > 海洋生态与环境科学重点实验室
Effects of ammonia and nitrite accumulation on the survival and growth performance of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei
Han, S.1,2,3; Wang, B.1,2; Wang, M.1,2; Liu, Q.1,2; Zhao, W.4; Wang, L.1,2
2017
Source PublicationISJ-INVERTEBRATE SURVIVAL JOURNAL
Volume14Pages:221-232
SubtypeArticle
AbstractAmmonia and nitrite levels caused by shrimp excreta and metabolic waste and organic detritus are important limiting factors in intensive aquaculture system, the purpose of this study was to determine how ammonia and nitrite accumulation caused by accumulated these compounds affected survival and growth performance of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Unconsumed feed, feces and seawater in treatment group were not removed or replaced over a 33-day period, while unconsumed feed and feces in control group were removed with a siphon tube and 60 % seawater was replaced once-daily. Significantly higher ammonia and nitrite concentrations were accumulated in the seawater of treatment group from day 6 to day 33 and from day 9 to day 33, compared with control group, respectively. Significantly lower survival rate, weight gain percentage, length gain percentage and specific growth rate were recorded in treatment shrimp, compared with control shrimp. Significantly higher lipase, superoxide dismutase, and catalase activities, malondialdehyde content, relative expression of 4E-binding protein 1, p70S6 kinase, glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase and glutamic-pyruvic transaminase mRNA were detected in the hepatopancreas of treatment versus control shrimp. Significantly lower protease, glutathione reductase and glutathione peroxidase activities, and glutathione content were detected in the hepatopancreas of treatment versus control shrimp. Meanwhile, hepatopancreas in treatment shrimp showed disorganized tubules, blurred boundaries, decreased or disappeared B, R and E cells, injured connective tissue between liver tubule, infiltrated hemocytes, narrowed lumen, and vacuolization compared with control shrimp. These findings might indicate that ammonia and nitrite accumulation caused by accumulated waste in aquaculture tanks could significantly reduce survival, growth performance of L. vannamei with hepatopancreas damage, which was resulted from accumulated reactive oxygen species. Therefore, ammonia and nitrite accumulation may significantly impact shrimp production in intensive aquaculture system.
KeywordLitopenaeus Vannamei Ammonia And Nitrite Accumulation Survival Growth Performance Hepatopancreas
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000404687800001
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Version出版稿
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/137123
Collection海洋生态与环境科学重点实验室
实验海洋生物学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Key Lab Expt Marine Biol, 7 Nanhai Rd, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
2.Qingdao Natl Lab Marine Sci & Technol, Lab Marine Biol & Biotechnol, Qingdao 266237, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, 19 Yuquan Rd, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Tianjin Agr Coll, Fisheries Coll, 22 Jinjing Rd, Tianjin 300384, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Han, S.,Wang, B.,Wang, M.,et al. Effects of ammonia and nitrite accumulation on the survival and growth performance of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei[J]. ISJ-INVERTEBRATE SURVIVAL JOURNAL,2017,14:221-232.
APA Han, S.,Wang, B.,Wang, M.,Liu, Q.,Zhao, W.,&Wang, L..(2017).Effects of ammonia and nitrite accumulation on the survival and growth performance of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei.ISJ-INVERTEBRATE SURVIVAL JOURNAL,14,221-232.
MLA Han, S.,et al."Effects of ammonia and nitrite accumulation on the survival and growth performance of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei".ISJ-INVERTEBRATE SURVIVAL JOURNAL 14(2017):221-232.
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