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Two phases of the Holocene East African Humid Period: Inferred from a high-resolution geochemical record off Tanzania
Liu, Xiting1,2,3; Rendle-Buehring, Rebecca2,3; Kuhlmann, Holger2,3; Li, Anchun1
2017-02-15
Source PublicationEARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS
Volume460Pages:123-134
SubtypeArticle
AbstractDuring the Holocene, the most notably climatic change across the African continent is the African Humid Period (AHP), however the pace and primary forcing for this pluvial condition is still ambiguous, particularly in East Africa. We present a high-resolution marine sediment record off Tanzania to provide insights into the climatic conditions of inland East Africa during the Holocene. Major element ratios (i.e., log-ratios of Fe/Ca and Ti/Ca), derived from X-Ray Fluorescence scanning, have been employed to document variations in humidity in East Africa. Our results show that the AHP is represented by two humid phases: an intense humid period from the beginning of the Holocene to 8 ka (AHP I); and a moderate humid period spanning from 8 to 5.5 ka (AHP II). On the basis of our geochemical record and regime detection, the termination of the AHP initiated at 5.5 ka and ceased around 3.5 ka. Combined with other paleoclimatic records around East Africa, we suggest that the humid conditions in this region responded to Northern Hemisphere (NH) summer insolation. The AHP I and II might have been related to an eastward shift of the Congo Air Boundary and warmer conditions in the western Indian Ocean, which resulted in additional moisture being delivered from the Atlantic and Indian Oceans during the NH summer and autumn, respectively. We further note a drought event throughout East Africa north of 10 degrees S around 8.2 ka, which may have been related to the southward migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone in response to the NH cooling event. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordAfrican Humid Period Intertropical Convergence Zone Congo Air Boundary Holocene X-ray Fluorescence Scanner
DOI10.1016/j.epsl.2016.12.016
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000393008500014
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Version出版稿
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/136347
Collection海洋地质与环境重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Marine Geol & Environm, Inst Oceanol, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
2.Univ Bremen, MARUM Ctr Marine Environm Sci, D-28359 Bremen, Germany
3.Univ Bremen, Fac Geosci, D-28359 Bremen, Germany
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Xiting,Rendle-Buehring, Rebecca,Kuhlmann, Holger,et al. Two phases of the Holocene East African Humid Period: Inferred from a high-resolution geochemical record off Tanzania[J]. EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS,2017,460:123-134.
APA Liu, Xiting,Rendle-Buehring, Rebecca,Kuhlmann, Holger,&Li, Anchun.(2017).Two phases of the Holocene East African Humid Period: Inferred from a high-resolution geochemical record off Tanzania.EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS,460,123-134.
MLA Liu, Xiting,et al."Two phases of the Holocene East African Humid Period: Inferred from a high-resolution geochemical record off Tanzania".EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS 460(2017):123-134.
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