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Effects of light intensity on metabolism and antioxidant defense in Haliotis discus hannai Ino
Gao Xiaolong1,2; Li Xian2; Li Meijie3; Song Changbin4; Liu Ying2
2016-12-01
Source PublicationAQUACULTURE
Volume465Pages:78-87
SubtypeArticle
AbstractWe examined the effects of light intensity on the metabolism, antioxidant enzymes, and expression of related genes in Haliotis discus hannai Ino, to determine the optimal lighting conditions for aquaculture of these animals. Succinate dehydrogenase activity was significantly lower after 48 h in animals exposed to light intensities of 30 and 60 mu mol/m(2)/s, while lactate dehydrogenase activity and lactic acid content at 96 h were significantly higher compared with animals in the dark or exposed to 5 or 15 mu mol/m(2)/s (both P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in reactive oxygen species (ROS) contents between animals in the dark and those exposed to 5 or 15 mu mol/m(2)/s (P > 0.05) throughout the experiment. However, ROS contents under light intensities of 30 and 60 mu mol/m(2)/s peaked at 12 h, when expression levels of genes encoding catalase (CAT), thioredoxin peroxidase (TPX), sigma-glutathione-s-transferase (GST(S)), and mu-glutathione-s-transferase (GST(m)) also began to increase, and CAT and glutathione peroxidase (GP(X)) activities were significantly higher than in animals in the dark or exposed to 5 or 15 mu mol/m(2)/s (P < 0.05). After a further 12 h, the ROS content at 30 mu mol/m(2)/s began to decrease, and GPX activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) content also gradually decreased, followed by increases in ROS and MDA 48 h later, to reach respective peaks at 96 h. Gene expression levels of TPX, GST(S), GST(m), heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), and CAT began to decrease 72 h later, suggesting that excessive accumulation of ROS may have caused oxidative damage to the tissues. At a light intensity of 60 mu mol/m(2)/s, expression levels of TPX, GST(S), GST(m), and HSP70 genes, total antioxidant capacity, and GP(X) activity peaked at 48 h, and the ROS content was significantly higher than in any other group 48 h later (P < 0.05). However, gene expression levels of TPX, GST(S), GST(m), HSP70, HSP90, and CAT, and reduced glutathione content began to decrease, indicating that the antioxidant system had been unable to perform its normal physiological functions to withstand the long-term stress of adverse environmental factors. These results suggest that the light intensity should be controlled at 5-15 mu mol/m(2)/s during H. discus hannai aquaculture, to maintain the organism's normal physiological metabolism.
KeywordHaliotis Discus Hannai Ino Light Intensity Antioxidant Enzyme Heat Shock Protein Real-time Quantitative Pcr
DOI10.1016/j.aquaculture.2016.08.010
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000385372200011
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Version出版稿
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/136166
Collection海洋生物技术研发中心
实验海洋生物学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
2.Dalian Ocean Univ, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Qingdao Inst Bioenergy & Bioproc, Qingdao 266101, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Semicond, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gao Xiaolong,Li Xian,Li Meijie,et al. Effects of light intensity on metabolism and antioxidant defense in Haliotis discus hannai Ino[J]. AQUACULTURE,2016,465:78-87.
APA Gao Xiaolong,Li Xian,Li Meijie,Song Changbin,&Liu Ying.(2016).Effects of light intensity on metabolism and antioxidant defense in Haliotis discus hannai Ino.AQUACULTURE,465,78-87.
MLA Gao Xiaolong,et al."Effects of light intensity on metabolism and antioxidant defense in Haliotis discus hannai Ino".AQUACULTURE 465(2016):78-87.
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