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Developing priority variables ("ecosystem Essential Ocean Variables" - eEOVs) for observing dynamics and change in Southern Ocean ecosystems
Constable, Andrew J.1,2; Costa, Daniel P.3; Schofield, Oscar4; Newman, Louise5,6; Urban, Edward R., Jr.; Fulton, Elizabeth A.7,8; Melbourne-Thomas, Jessica1,2; Ballerini, Tosca9; Boyd, Philip W.2,10; Brandt, Angelika11; de la Mare, Willaim K.1; Edwards, Martin12; Eleaume, Marc13; Emmerson, Louise1,2; Fennel, Katja14; Fielding, Sophie15; Griffiths, Huw15; Gutt, Julian16; Hindell, Mark A.2,10; Hofmann, Eileen E.17; Jennings, Simon18; La, Hyoung Sul19; McCurdy, Andrea20; Mitchell, B. Greg21; Moltmann, Tim22; Muelbert, Monica23; Murphy, Eugene15; Press, Anthony J.2; Raymond, Ben1,2,10; Reid, Keith24; Reiss, Christian25; Rice, Jake26; Salter, Ian16; Smith, David C.7,8; Song, Sun27; Southwell, Colin1,2; Swadling, Kerrie M.2,10; Van de Putte, Anton28; Willis, Zdenka29
摘要Reliable statements about variability and change in marine ecosystems and their underlying causes are needed to report on their status and to guide management. Here we use the Framework on Ocean Observing (FOO) to begin developing ecosystem Essential Ocean Variables (eEOVs) for the Southern Ocean Observing System (SOOS). An eEOV is a defined biological or ecological quantity, which is derived from field observations,, and which contributes significantly to assessments of Southern Ocean ecosystems. Here, assessments are concerned with estimating status and trends in ecosystem properties, attribution of trends to causes, and predicting future trajectories. eEOVs should be feasible to collect at appropriate spatial and temporal scales and are useful to the extent that they contribute to direct estimation of trends and/or attribution, and/or development of ecological (statistical or simulation) models to support assessments. In this paper we outline the rationale, including establishing a set of criteria, for selecting eEOVs for the SOOS and develop a list of candidate eEOVs for further evaluation. Other than habitat variables, nine types of eEOVs for Southern Ocean taxa are identified within three classes: state (magnitude, genetic/species, size spectrum), predator-prey (diet, foraging range), and autecology (phenology, reproductive rate, individual growth rate, detritus). Most candidates for the suite of Southern Ocean taxa relate to state or diet. Candidate autecological eEOVs have not been developed other than for marine mammals and birds. We consider some of the spatial and temporal issues that will influence the adoption and use of eEOVs in an observing system in the Southern Ocean, noting that existing operations and platforms potentially provide coverage of the four main sectors of the region the East and West Pacific, Atlantic and Indian. Lastly, we discuss the importance of simulation modelling in helping with the design of the observing system in the long term. Regional boundary: south of 30 degrees S. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.
关键词Ocean Observing Antarctica Southern Ocean Observing System Essential Variables Ecosystem Change Monitoring Systems Ecosystem Management Indicators
被引频次:24[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
作者单位1.Australian Antarctic Div, Channel Highway, Kingston, Tas 7050, Australia
2.Antarctic Climate & Ecosyst Cooperat Res Ctr, Private Bag 80, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia
3.Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Santa Cruz, CA 95060 USA
4.Rutgers State Univ, Dept Marine & Coastal Sci, Ctr Ocean Observing Leadership, 71 Dudley Rd, New Brunswick, NJ 08901 USA
5.Univ Tasmania, C IMAS, Southern Ocean Observing Syst Int Project Off, Private Bag 129, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia
6.Univ Delaware, Sci Comm Ocean Res, Newark, DE USA
7.CSIRO Oceans & Atmosphere, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia
8.Univ Tasmania, Ctr Marine Socioecol, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia
9.Aix Marseille Univ, Univ Toulon, CNRS INSU, Mediterranean Inst Oceanog,IRD,MIO,UM 110, F-83957 La Garde, France
10.Univ Tasmania, Inst Marine & Antarctic Studies, Private Bag 129, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia
11.Univ Hamburg, Ctr Nat Hist CeNaK, Zool Museum, Martin Luther King Pl 3, D-20146 Hamburg, Germany
12.Sir Alister Hardy Fdn Ocean Sci, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, Devon, England
13.Museum Natl Hist Nat, Dept Milieux & Peuplements Aquat, UMR BOREA MNHN CNRS UPMC IRD 7208, CP26, 57 Rue Cuvier, F-75231 Paris 05, France
14.Dalhousie Univ, Dept Oceanog, Oxford St 1355, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada
15.British Antarctic Survey, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0ET, England
16.Helmholtz Ctr Polar & Marine Res, Alfred Wegener Inst, Alten Hafen 26, D-27568 Bremerhaven, Germany
17.Old Dominion Univ, Ctr Coastal Phys Oceanog, Norfolk, VA USA
18.Ctr Environm Fisheries & Aquaculture Sci, Lowestoft NR33 0HT, Suffolk, England
19.Korea Polar Res Inst, 12 Gaetbeol Ro, Inchon 406840, South Korea
20.Consortium Ocean Leadership, 1201 New York Ave NW, Washington, DC 20005 USA
21.Univ Calif San Diego, Scripps Inst Oceanog, San Diego, CA 92103 USA
22.Univ Tasmania, Integrated Marine Observing Syst, Private Bag 110, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia
23.Univ Fed Rio Grande IO FURG, Inst Oceanog, Av Italia,KM 8,Campus Carreiros, BR-96203270 Rio Grande, RS, Brazil
24.CCAMLR Secretariat, POB 213, North Hobart, Tas 7002, Australia
25.NOAA Fisheries, Antarctic Ecosyst Res Div, 8901 La Jolla Shores Dr, La Jolla, CA 92037 USA
26.Fisheries & Oceans Canada, 200 Kent St, Ottawa, ON, Canada
27.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, 7 Nanhai Rd, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
28.Royal Belgian Inst Nat Sci, BEDIC, OD Nat, Vautierstr 29, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium
29.NOAA, Natl Ocean Serv, N MB6, SSMC4, 1305 East West Hwy, Silver Spring, MD 20910 USA
GB/T 7714
Constable, Andrew J.,Costa, Daniel P.,Schofield, Oscar,et al. Developing priority variables ("ecosystem Essential Ocean Variables" - eEOVs) for observing dynamics and change in Southern Ocean ecosystems[J]. JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS,2016,161:26-41.
APA Constable, Andrew J..,Costa, Daniel P..,Schofield, Oscar.,Newman, Louise.,Urban, Edward R., Jr..,...&Willis, Zdenka.(2016).Developing priority variables ("ecosystem Essential Ocean Variables" - eEOVs) for observing dynamics and change in Southern Ocean ecosystems.JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS,161,26-41.
MLA Constable, Andrew J.,et al."Developing priority variables ("ecosystem Essential Ocean Variables" - eEOVs) for observing dynamics and change in Southern Ocean ecosystems".JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS 161(2016):26-41.
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[Constable, Andrew J.]的文章
[Costa, Daniel P.]的文章
[Schofield, Oscar]的文章
[Constable, Andrew J.]的文章
[Costa, Daniel P.]的文章
[Schofield, Oscar]的文章
[Constable, Andrew J.]的文章
[Costa, Daniel P.]的文章
[Schofield, Oscar]的文章
文件名: observing dynamics and change in Southern Ocean ecosystems.pdf
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