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Stratified coastal ocean interactions with tropical cyclones
Glenn, S. M.1; Miles, T. N.1; Serokal, G. N.1; Xu, Y.2; Forney, R. K.1; Yu, F.3; Roarty, H.1; Schofield, O.1; Kohut, J.1
2016-03-01
Source PublicationNATURE COMMUNICATIONS
Volume7
SubtypeArticle
AbstractHurricane-intensity forecast improvements currently lag the progress achieved for hurricane tracks. Integrated ocean observations and simulations during hurricane Irene (2011) reveal that the wind-forced two-layer circulation of the stratified coastal ocean, and resultant shear induced mixing, led to significant and rapid ahead-of-eye-centre cooling (at least 6 degrees C and up to 11 degrees C) over a wide swath of the continental shelf. Atmospheric simulations establish this cooling as the missing contribution required to reproduce Irene's accelerated intensity reduction. Historical buoys from 1985 to 2015 show that ahead-of-eye-centre cooling occurred beneath all 11 tropical cyclones that traversed the Mid-Atlantic Bight continental shelf during stratified summer conditions. A Yellow Sea buoy similarly revealed significant and rapid ahead-of-eye-centre cooling during Typhoon Muifa (2011). These findings establish that including realistic coastal baroclinic processes in forecasts of storm intensity and impacts will be increasingly critical to mid-latitude population centres as sea levels rise and tropical cyclone maximum intensities migrate poleward.
DOI10.1038/ncomms10887
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000371723900001
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Version出版稿
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/126186
Collection海洋环境工程技术研究发展中心
Affiliation1.Rutgers State Univ, Sch Environm & Biol Sci, Dept Marine & Coastal Sci, Ctr Ocean Observing Leadership, 71 Dudley Rd, New Brunswick, NJ 08901 USA
2.E China Normal Univ, State Key Lab Estuarine & Coastal Res, 3663 Zhongshan Rd North, Shanghai 200062, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, 7 Nanhai Rd, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Glenn, S. M.,Miles, T. N.,Serokal, G. N.,et al. Stratified coastal ocean interactions with tropical cyclones[J]. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS,2016,7.
APA Glenn, S. M..,Miles, T. N..,Serokal, G. N..,Xu, Y..,Forney, R. K..,...&Kohut, J..(2016).Stratified coastal ocean interactions with tropical cyclones.NATURE COMMUNICATIONS,7.
MLA Glenn, S. M.,et al."Stratified coastal ocean interactions with tropical cyclones".NATURE COMMUNICATIONS 7(2016).
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