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Oyster Reefs at Risk and Recommendations for Conservation, Restoration, and Management
Beck, Michael W.1; Brumbaugh, Robert D.2; Airoldi, Laura3,4; Carranza, Alvar5; Coen, Loren D.6; Crawford, Christine7; Defeo, Omar5; Edgar, Graham J.7; Hancock, Boze8; Kay, Matthew C.9; Lenihan, Hunter S.9; Luckenbach, Mark W.10; Toropova, Caitlyn L.11; Zhang, Guofan12; Guo, Ximing13
2011-02-01
发表期刊BIOSCIENCE
ISSN0006-3568
卷号61期号:2页码:107-116
文章类型Article
摘要Native oyster reefs once dominated many estuaries, ecologically and economically. Centuries of resource extraction exacerbated by coastal degradation have pushed oyster reefs to the brink of functional extinction worldwide. We examined the condition of oyster reefs across 144 bays and 44 ecoregions; our comparisons of past with present abundances indicate that more than 90% of them have been lost in bays (70%) and eco regions (63%). In many bays, more than 99% of oyster reefs have been lost and are functionally extinct. Overall, we estimate that 85% of oyster reefs have been lost globally. Most of the world's remaining wild capture of native oysters (> 75%) comes from just five ecoregions in North America, yet the condition of reefs. in these ecoregions is poor at best, except in the Gulf of Mexico. We identify many cost-effective solutions for conservation, restoration, and the management of fisheries and nonnative species that could reverse these oyster losses and restore reef ecosystem services.; Native oyster reefs once dominated many estuaries, ecologically and economically. Centuries of resource extraction exacerbated by coastal degradation have pushed oyster reefs to the brink of functional extinction worldwide. We examined the condition of oyster reefs across 144 bays and 44 ecoregions; our comparisons of past with present abundances indicate that more than 90% of them have been lost in bays (70%) and eco regions (63%). In many bays, more than 99% of oyster reefs have been lost and are functionally extinct. Overall, we estimate that 85% of oyster reefs have been lost globally. Most of the world's remaining wild capture of native oysters (> 75%) comes from just five ecoregions in North America, yet the condition of reefs. in these ecoregions is poor at best, except in the Gulf of Mexico. We identify many cost-effective solutions for conservation, restoration, and the management of fisheries and nonnative species that could reverse these oyster losses and restore reef ecosystem services.
关键词Shellfish Oyster Reef Marine Conservation Fisheries Habitat Restoration
学科领域Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics
DOI10.1525/bio.2011.61.2.5
URL查看原文
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000287267200009
引用统计
被引频次:307[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/12031
专题海洋生物技术研发中心
作者单位1.Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Inst Marine Sci, Nat Conservancy, Global Marine Team, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA
2.Nature Conservancy, Global Marine Team, Summerland Key, FL USA
3.Univ Bologna, Dipartimento Biol Evoluz Sperimentale, Ravenna, Italy
4.Univ Bologna, Ctr Interdipartimentale Ric Sci Ambientali, Ravenna, Italy
5.Fac Sci, Dept Ecol, Marine Sci Unit, Montevideo, Uruguay
6.Sanibel Captiva Conservat Fdn Marine Lab, Sanibel, FL USA
7.Univ Tasmania, Tasmanian Aquaculture & Fisheries Inst, Hobart, Tas, Australia
8.Univ Rhode Isl, Nat Conservancy, Global Marine Team, Narragansett, RI USA
9.Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Bren Sch Environm Sci & Management, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 USA
10.Coll William & Mary, Virginia Inst Marine Sci, Wachapreague, VA USA
11.Int Union Conservat Nat, Washington, DC USA
12.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Qingdao, Shandong, Peoples R China
13.Rutgers State Univ, Haskin Shellfish Res Lab, Inst Marine & Coastal Sci, Port Norris, NJ USA
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Beck, Michael W.,Brumbaugh, Robert D.,Airoldi, Laura,et al. Oyster Reefs at Risk and Recommendations for Conservation, Restoration, and Management[J]. BIOSCIENCE,2011,61(2):107-116.
APA Beck, Michael W..,Brumbaugh, Robert D..,Airoldi, Laura.,Carranza, Alvar.,Coen, Loren D..,...&Guo, Ximing.(2011).Oyster Reefs at Risk and Recommendations for Conservation, Restoration, and Management.BIOSCIENCE,61(2),107-116.
MLA Beck, Michael W.,et al."Oyster Reefs at Risk and Recommendations for Conservation, Restoration, and Management".BIOSCIENCE 61.2(2011):107-116.
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