IOCAS-IR  > 海洋环流与波动重点实验室
Intraseasonal variability of the tropical Pacific subsurface temperature in the two flavours of El Nino
Feng, Junqiao1,2; Wang, Qingye1,2; Hu, Shijian1,2; Hu, Dunxin1,2
2016-02-01
Source PublicationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY
Volume36Issue:2Pages:867-884
SubtypeArticle
AbstractThe spatial structure and temporal evolution of the intraseasonal variability (ISV) of the subsurface ocean temperature (STA) in the equatorial Pacific associated with the two flavours of El Nino [i.e. the canonical or eastern Pacific (EP) El Nino and the central Pacific (CP) El Nino] are investigated using observations and 1.5-layer linear reduced gravity model. Results suggest that the ISV characteristics show some differences in the two types of El Nino, although both oscillate along the thermocline in the form of the intraseasonal equatorial Kelvin wave (IEKW), which is excited in the western tropical Pacific by the zonal wind stress associated with the Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO). First, the period of dominant mode of the STA ISV during CP El Nino broadly distributes in 50-80 days with the spectra peaking in 60-65 days. By contrast, the spectrum of STA ISV during EP El Nino shows a peak in 75-80-day period. This indicates that the wave speed is faster in the CP El Nino than in EP El Nino. Second, the ISV activity peaks in previous spring during the developing phase of EP El Nino, whereas during CP El Nino it becomes the most active during the mature phase. Third, the strongest IEKW occurs in the CP around the dateline during CP El Nino and attenuates quickly east of 130 degrees W due to strong eddy viscosity dissipation, while the IEKW during the EP El Nino propagates efficiently from the western to the eastern Pacific with a relative weak diffusion.
KeywordEquatorial Pacific Ocean Subsurface Ocean Temperature Intraseasonal Variability Eastern Pacific El Nino Central Pacific El Nino
DOI10.1002/joc.4389
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000369991700024
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.qdio.ac.cn/handle/337002/112458
Collection海洋环流与波动重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Ocean Circulat & Waves, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences;  Key Laboratory of Ocean Circulation and Wave Studies, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Feng, Junqiao,Wang, Qingye,Hu, Shijian,et al. Intraseasonal variability of the tropical Pacific subsurface temperature in the two flavours of El Nino[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY,2016,36(2):867-884.
APA Feng, Junqiao,Wang, Qingye,Hu, Shijian,&Hu, Dunxin.(2016).Intraseasonal variability of the tropical Pacific subsurface temperature in the two flavours of El Nino.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY,36(2),867-884.
MLA Feng, Junqiao,et al."Intraseasonal variability of the tropical Pacific subsurface temperature in the two flavours of El Nino".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY 36.2(2016):867-884.
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